Microorganisms are present in our daily life. While most of the time they cause minimal to no harm, they also have the potential of becoming pathogenic; triggering diseases that eventually lead to outbreaks. Critical questions in the epidemiological field are when, where, and why new microorganisms are going to cause outbreaks – ones that could potentially become a worldwide epidemic.

When responding to outbreaks, an expedient and coordinated response is of the essence in ensuring the minimal impact on communities. However, barriers still exist in creating high-quality responses to outbreaks of new diseases. These include a lag in time to trigger the awareness of local, state and federal health organizations due to: i) a mix of lack of funding, awareness, and political disbelief; ii) the communication of funding needs to create the appropriate response with the appropriate agencies; and finally, iii) the time required to develop vaccines is much more than the time needed for the disease to develop from a local outbreak to a global epidemic. >>>read more>>>

Bruker

FBI Director Christopher Wray, in a February 2018 meeting with eighteen local public sector leaders, spoke of the ever-changing US landscape when it comes to Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) events. During the Cold War (1947 – 1991), the predominant fear in the US was a domestic nuclear attack. The most likely threat scenario has evolved to attacks in small clusters, or localized events around the country using a wide spectrum of CBRN hazards. The potential for such an incident to occur without warning has prompted the government to fortify preparedness efforts in hospitals. That preparedness may not extend to the health care professional’s knowledge of CBRN response.

Health care professionals are the first line of defense when it comes to identifying and treating patients that have come into contact with CBRN hazards. If a patient arrives with nausea, vomiting, and tremors a physician lacking CBRN training may lean toward a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, or an opioid overdose. Physicians with advanced CBRN training may consider diagnoses such as nerve agent exposure or acute radiation sickness. >>>read more>>>

Battelle

The global threat spectrum continues to evolve, and we consistently face resurging and emerging threats that challenge our preparedness and response capacities and capabilities.

Global health and international security have been under siege because of the abilities of these threat agents to cause devastating epidemics by natural or intentional spread or decimate populations by weaponized synthetic compounds capable of incapacitating and killing hundreds within a matter of minutes to hours.

In the arena of more recent biological and chemical threats dwells an older infectious disease nemesis, the lethal Ebola viral hemorrhagic fever virus. In the world of chemical warfare agents lies the provocative, lesser known and deadly family of Russian nerve agents known as Novichok, or “newcomer” compounds. >>>read more>>>

SAAB

For the first time since the end of the Cold War, attention on how military and civilian authorities - and the public - would respond to a nuclear attack has resurfaced during recent hostile exchanges between the US and North Korea, and following a false missile alert in Hawaii.

It hardly needs saying that such an attack on any part of the world would be several orders of magnitude more catastrophic than just about all the others in the CBRN pantheon. Aside from a detonation of nuclear bomb out of a nation state’s stockpile, a terrorist improvised nuclear device (IND) has risen in the list of threats, as has a cyberattack or natural disaster triggering a nuclear plant meltdown or explosion in the manner of Chernobyl and Fukushima. >>>read more>>>

Decon 7

Rising political tension between the United States and Russia, along with North Korea’s recent missile and nuclear tests, have led to a renewed interest in preparedness for a radiological event—the three most commonly planned-for being: a nuclear reactor incident like Fukushima, a radiological dispersal device (dirty bomb), or nuclear detonation.

While significant progress has been made in the development and stockpiling of medical countermeasures to radiation, as well as detailed planning on when and how to use them, a critical unmet need has been the lack of a high throughput radiation biodosimetry test that can be used to determine individualized levels of absorbed radiation post-event. This has now changed in Europe and in many other countries with the CE IVD marking of DxTerity’s REDI-Dx®* High Throughput Radiation Biodosimetry Test. >>>read more>>>

Decon 7

NCT Info Series #5: NCT Europe 2018

NCT Europe will hold parallel conference and workshop streams featuring speakers that include:

  • Lieutenant General Hans van Griensven, Inspector General, Combined Armed Forces, The Netherlands
  • Brig. Gen. (Ret.) William King, NCT Chairman, USA
  • Brig. Gen. Moon Sung-joon, Commander, Republic of Korea Army CBRN School, South Korea
  • Mr. Douglas Bryce, Joint Program Executive Officer for Chemical and Biological Defense, JPEO-CBD, USA
  • Mr. Douglas Bryce, Joint Program Executive Officer for Chemical and Biological Defense, JPEO-CBD, USA

NCT Europe 2018 will also introduce a new feature at our NCT event series: NCT CBRNe Trainings. Teams from all over Europe and abroad will be attending to take part in the multinational interoperability trainings. Teams training include:

  • The German Federal Office of Civil Protection and Disaster Assistance (BBK)
  • TEDAX (Technician Specialist in Deactivation of Explosive Artifacts) - NRBQ of the Spanish National Police
  • The Military Engineering and CBRN Training Centre, Polish Armed Forces
  • The Italian Red Cross Military Corps
  • The Fire Rescure Service of the Czech Republic
  • Recon Team, Bundeswehr CBRN Defence Command
  • Decon Team, Bundeswehr CBRN Defence Command
  • State Border Guard Service & State Emergency Service of Ukraine
  • The First Engineer Regiment, Polish Armed Forces

Issue 58 | June 2018

News

Take a look at NCT Europe

Take a look at NCT Asia

Take a look at NCT South America

The full listing of all CBRNe related events can be found at the CBRNePortal.com.

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IB Consultancy provides a platform for authors of quality articles. The opinions stated in this Newsletter, or on the CBRNePortal.com, or facts given, do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editors, nor of IB Consultancy.